In this process plastic material in powder form is gravity fed
into a chamber. In the extrudating chamber the resin powder is heated on sintering temperature. Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, becomes gelatinous as it melts so it can be extruded with this type of processes. A hydraulic ram pushes the resin materials like PTFE, UHMW, etc. from the chamber to the die. The die actually gives the shape of the desired plastic like a rod, tube or a profile shape with the requisite internal or outer diameter. When the material comes out of the die, it moves the length of the conveyor
. The profiles can be manufactured endlessly and cut by the continuous extruding of each length.
Types of Machines:
There are two types of ram extrusions- the vertical ram extrusion and the horizontal ram extrusion. Whatever be the type of ram extrusion, the resin feed, compaction or performing, sintering and cooling are all the same. But the extrudates quality depends on various parameter like the design of the extruder, powder properties, extrusion rate, pressure and temperature.